Outside it stands, or rather sits, a fine statue of one of the city’s most remarkable natives, Richard Hooker, the 16th century lawyer and divine, who, despite becoming known as “the Judicious,” wise enough to write his great Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity, was fool enough, feeling under an obligation to his landlady, to marry her shrewish daughter.
The fields of the rolling landscape, softer and greener than those of neighbouring Cornwal1, are defined by Devon hedge-banks – light banks of earth and rubble surmounted by hedges. The banks themselves
are more like fortifications than mere boundaries and it is doubtful if anything was deliberately planted on them. The hedge part was Nature’s contribution.
The traditional domestic building materials here were cob and thatch. Cob was a mixture of compacted clay, gravel and chopped straw, formed into thick walls supported by plinths of brick or stone, and plastered. With overhanging thatched roofs, they made for dry, warm houses which would last for centuries.
There is a Tudor reference to “the poor Cotager” who “conteteth himselfe with Cob for his walls, and Thatch for his covering;” but farmtouses and parson-ages were built of it, as well as labourers’ cottages. Surviving buildings, more here, of cob can often be recognised by the absence of sharp angles, the corners moulded into curves.
Hayes Barton, the Tudor farmhouse near East Budleigh where Walter Raleigh was_born in 1552, was
built of cob and embraces in its name two words very common in Devon. `Hayes” signifies a hedged enclosure in Anglo-Saxon terms, and “Barton” a farmyard. You will find scarcely a village in Devon without its “Barton” nearby.
The farms became the sources of Devon’s twin contributions to the nation’s gastronomic delights — cider and clotted cream. The ubiquitous “cream tea,” with which every tourist to Devon soon becomes familiar,learn something more about France and villages in france at this compare lille hotels website, consists of butter, jam and the famous thick cream made by scalding milk, all piled up on scones.
In a county so large and full of variety, descriptive text must necessarily be selective, so let us glance quickly at some of Devon’s best-known and most striking inland and coastal features. Do you want more about Europe Cities?
In the north, on the Torridge estuary, is Bideford, birthplace of Sir Richard Grenville. The town is chiefly noted for its long bridge, consisting of 24 arches, no two of which are of equal span. The original medieval bridge was erected in this way with available timber, and when the first stone bridge was built, in the 15th century, the original spans were retained so that the modern bridge looks highly eccentric.